Surveying Neurergus in Iran



The Loristan newt (Neurergus kaiseri) and the  Kurdistan newt (N. microspilotus) are globally two of the most beautiful and endangered amphibians. Neurergus kaiseri is found only in Islamic Republic of Iran, and N. microspilotus in Iran and in the bordering areas of Iraq.

These species are currently subject to a wide range of research in respect to their genetics, range, distribution, ecology, conservation status. They are also the target of broad conservation initiatives in Iran, Iraq, and Internationally. is managed by the MIDDLE EAST CHAPTER of AMPHIBIAN AND REPTILE CONSERVATION journal 

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The conservation program (see Taxon Management Program PDF) includes field surveys to assess range, distribution, habitat requirements; conservation breeding (see CBP page), pathogen assessment (Chydrid page), regional habitat protection (special protected areas page), and prevention of illicit harvesting (CITES page) both for international and local markets, general threat assessment, and the rescue and rehabitation of a threatened population at Ghorigala Caves, paleogeographic studies, population genetics, and the development of reproduction technologies  (page) including gene banking through sperm cryopreservation. A special focus has been placed on community participation and public awareness in both field work and rehabitation.


See Middle East Chapter - Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Volume 9 (1). IRANIAN ISSUE

A conservation reassessment of the Critically Endangered, Lorestan newt Neurergus kaiseri (Schmidt 1952) in Iran. PDF

See International Chapter - Amphibian and Reptile Conservation

Zoo based amphibian research and Conservation Breeding Programs (CBPs). Robert K Browne, Katja Wolfram, Gerardo Garcia, Mikhail F Bagaturov, Zjef JJM Pereboom. Amphibian and Reptile Conservation 5(3):1-14.  PDF

Sexual size dimorphism in Neurergus kaiseri (Caudata: Salamandridae) in south-western Zagros Mountains, Iran. Mozafar Sharifi, Hossein Farasat, and Somaye Vaissi. Amphibian and Reptile Conservation 6(4):1-8.   PDF

Ecology of Kurdistan newt (Neurergus microspilotus: Salamandridae): Population and conservation with an appraisal of the potential impact of urbanization. 2013. Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Mohsen Takesh, Akbar Fattahi, Marzieh Sadeghi, Fatemeh Khorshidi, and Robert K Browne. Amphibian and Reptile Conservation 6(4):30-35. PDF

New localities of the Kurdistan newt Neurergus microspilotus and Lake Urmia newt Neurergus crocatus (Caudata: Salamandridae) in Iraq. 2013. Al-Sheikhly OF, Nader IA, Rastegar-Pouyani N, Browne RK Amphibian and Reptile Conservation 6(4): 42–49. PDF

Conservation Breeding Programs and field programs for Neurergus kaiseri and N. microspilotus located in Iran are supported by a broad international consortium of institutions and individuals.

Efforts are underway to incorporate the large numbers of Neurergus kaiseri founders kept by privates and zoos into an international Conservation Breeding Program.

This website provides facilities for Facebook social networking through: "Neurergus Conservation" " and for social networking on this website a list of Neurergus, Researchers and Herpetoculturalists.

Please join our Middle East Chapter of Amphibian and Reptile Conservation MEMBERS GROUP for regular news updates and access to private resources.

The following institutions and organisations provide major support for the Neurergus Conservation  Program.


Mohammad bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund a significant philanthropic endowment established to provide targeted grants to individual species

 Iranian Department of the Environment - supports all aspects of the CBP in Iran

Iran Department of the Environment, Tehran, Iran. The Iranian Department of Environment is a governmental organization, under the supervision of the president, that is responsible for matters related to ...

 European Association of Zoos and Aqauriums is a major supporter of the CBP facility for N. microspilotus.

European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA), "Year of the Frog" Grant. Promotes co-operation for furthering wildlife conservation, particularly through European Endangered Species Programmes (EEP).

 Nate Nelson and his team at Sedgewick County Zoo, USA, is expert in the breeding of N. kaiseri and supports the CBP through the raising of funds by the sale of surplus salamanders

Sedgwick County Zoo, Kansas, USA. Nationally renowned Zoo that is the 18th largest in the U.S. and is the state's most popular tourist attraction with nearly half a million visitors annually.

 Ghent University, Belgium, through Prof. Frank Pasmans conducts a major program for the assessment of the pathogen, chytrid, with Nuerergus and other salamanders in iran.

Ghent University, Belgium. UGent is one of the biggest universities in the Dutch-speaking region of Europe. It distinguishes itself as socially committed, pluralistic and international.

 Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran, is the host institution in Iran for the CBP Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran. Founded in 1972 and then it was expanded to a university with the name of razi in 1974. It offers doctorate program, 36 graduate program, 62 undergraduate
 The Royal Zoological Society of Antwerp supports a wide range of amphibian CBPsThe Centre for Research and Conservation, Royal Zoological Society of Antwerp hosts the international component of the CBP for neurergus

Centre for Research and Conservation, Royal Zoological Society of Antwerp, Belgium.  high quality scientific research aimed at supporting the day-to-day work in our parks and international captive breeding programs, to ensure animal welfare, and the protection of wild animals and their natural environment.

 DGHT Deutsche Gesellschaft für Herpetologie und Terrarienkunde e.V - DGHT
(German Society for Herpetology and Amphibian and Reptile Husbandry)
  Nature Iraq Nature Iraq was created to protect, restore, and preserve Iraq’s natural environment and the rich cultural heritage that it nourishes.
  Moassese Khazande Shenasan Pars  Lorestan Mountain Newt (Neurergus kaiseri) Conservation Plan  Since unfamiliarity of local people regarding global importance of this species and capturing this species to be sold in the market are recognized as the major threats to N. kaiseri, this project aims to promote participatory conservation of the species and its habitat.


For further information please contact individuals listed in the "Researchers and Herpetoculturalists" page or: Dr. Robert Browne, International Coordinator, web page design and publication